Glossary

Glossary

S


SACD
Super Audio CD -- the highest-possible audio standard.
SACD tuned
Means that the equipment is capable of reproducing Super Audio CD sound quality.
Sampling Rate Converter
A chip that converts all common sampling frequencies into MiniDisc format, providing digital recordings from all digital sources, like DAT, CD, DSR or ADR, without degradation.
Sat Tuner Control
This feature allows your VCR to control your satellite receiver in case of a timer programming. The VCR automatically switches to the right channel and starts recording.
SATTC System
SATTC (Sony Acoustic Twin Turbo Circuit) improves the sound characteristics of small headphones and earphones.
Saturation/Contrast/Sharpness Setting
These controls allow accurate setting of the picture to provide an optimum picture quality.
Scan Page Function
Facility to memorise and tune into your favourite stations.
Scart
An audio/video connector to carry the audio & video signals on one convenient cable.
Scene Select
Scene Select gives you different options to automatically adjust the sound and picture on your BRAVIA TV according to the scene you’re watching. Easy to find, the Scene Select button features on the BRAVIA remote control. You can pick from a list of options, including Cinema, Sports, Game and more. Whether you’re watching the big match or the latest movie blockbuster, Scene Select makes sure your sound and picture settings perfectly complement the content.
Scene Selection
Allows quick selection from a choice of preset exposure modes. Exposure settings like aperture, shutter speed and colour balance are automatically adjusted for excellent results with the chosen scene.
Scene Selection Mode
Sony offers a choice of preset camera settings to match the demands of your shooting situation.
Scratch guard
On its Blu-ray Disc™ media, Sony has adopted a hard-performance hard-coat to protect the disc against scratches.
Screen door effect
The screen door effect is where fine lines separating pixels become visible in a projected image. It gets its name because the effect is similar to looking through a fine mesh screen. If your digital projector lens is sharply focused, each individual pixel appears on the screen in its own little black box. The lines of the boxes are where the control electronics stop the light from shining through the panel.
SD
(Secure Digital) Memory card format that allows storage of digital images and other files.
S-DIAT
(S-DIAT Infrared Speaker Technology) Removing the need for wires from the main unit to the rear speakers, unique Sony S-DIAT wireless speaker technology means you simply need to place the rear speakers near any power outlet. Operating via infrared transmission, S-DIAT offers proven superior digital sound.
SDMI
The Secure Digital Music Initiative (SDMI) is a global specification for secure digital music distribution created by a forum of over 110 major music, consumer electronic and technology companies. The goal of SDMI is to protect copyrighted music in all existing and future digital formats, while ensuring interoperability among digital products.
SDRAM
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SDRAM
Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory is a type of DRAM that can run at much higher clock speeds than conventional memory. SDRAM actually synchronizes itself with the CPU's bus.
SDTV
Standard Definition Television refers to digital transmissions with 480-line resolution, either interlaced or progressive scanned formats. SDTV offers significant improvement over today's conventional NTSC picture resolution, similar to comparing DVD quality to VHS. The improved picture resolution can be achieved primarily because the digital transmission eliminates snow and ghosts, common with the current NTSC analogue format. However, SDTV does not come close to HDTV in both visual and audio quality.
Search Mode
Even without cassette memory, the DHR-1000 has three search modes using AUX and sub-code data (Date Search, Photo Search and Index Search). In Search Modes, the VTR finds marked points sequentially. This function is also provided in some camcorders.
Search Mode
(Date, Photo, Index) Even without cassette memory, the DHR-1000 has three search modes using AUX and sub-code data (Date Search, Photo Search and Index Search). In Search Modes, the VTR finds marked points sequentially.
Security Code
Anti-theft solution with a code that must be entered to set up the head unit every time it has been disconnected from the car battery.
Select
Using a menu system, the viewer is able to select the most appropriate picture and sound settings for the style of programme being watched from one of three pre-set modes. The modes have pre-set values for eight picture and two sound parameters.
Sensitivity
Measured in ISO, this indicates the camera’s sensitivity to light. Most cameras set sensitivity automatically, depending on the brightness of a scene: many also allow manual adjustment. A higher setting is typically used in low light conditions – but very high settings increase image noise.
SensMe™
SensMe™ is a unique piece of Sony technology that allows you easily match what you hear on your WALKMAN® with your mood. The hard work is done for you, as it analyses your music collection and sets up playlists based on song characteristics like speed, tone and mood. There are 11 different channels to pick from. At the click of a button, you can change from “Morning” to “Relax”, then move on to “Upbeat” in moments.
Serial Interface
A method of transferring data using a single wire or optical interface. Control data can be inserted between the data blocks.
Set-top box
Also called converter boxes, these receivers convert broadcasts (analogue cable, digital cable, or HDTV) for display on a television. HDTV-ready TVs (those without a built-in HDTV tuner) must be connected to a compatible HDTV tuner set-top box in order to receive digital television programs.
S-Force
S-Force Front Surround gives you a truly cinematic experience without having to leave your sofa. The technology developed by Sony delivers true 3D surround sound using only the built-in television speakers. It works by replicating how the human ear recognises and picks up sound. Entirely virtual, S-Force doesn’t rely on bouncing sound off walls so you can enjoy movie theatre-like sound in any size room.
S-Force PRO Front Surround
The result of years of research by Sony sound engineers, this unique surround sound technology gives you amazing 5.1 channel virtual surround sound from just two front speakers and a subwoofer. To accomplish this feat, Sony studied the way our ears work. By adjusting for the way we recognise the origin and direction of sound (differentiating volume and timing differences in sounds registered by the right and left ear), S-Force PRO Front Surround is able to mimic this very human mechanism through sophisticated digital signal processing. In marked difference to apparently similar offerings from other manufacturers, Sony does not rely on acoustic reflection, which involves reflecting sound off walls before it reaches the listener. With S-Force the effect is entirely virtual, so you can enjoy dynamic 5.1 surround sound in any space whatsoever.
Shock-Resistant Memory
Buffer memory that compensates for data readout problems resulting from vibrations, ensuring continuous and error-free music reproduction.
ShowView® (VIDEO Plus+®)
A method of programming the timer via the input of number codes for selected programmes -- often printed in newspapers/TV listings.
Shuffle Play
All tracks from the CD are played in a random order.
Shutter priority
Shooting mode where shutter speed is set manually by the user. Aperture is then automatically calculated by the camera to ensure correct exposure.
Shutter Speed Priority
In this mode, the shutter speed is set and the camera adjusts the aperture accordingly.
Shutter/Aperture Priority Mode
In Shutter Priority mode, the shutter speed is set and the camera adjusts the aperture accordingly. In the Aperture Priority mode, the user selects the aperture and the camera adjusts the shutter speed accordingly.
Shuttle Dial Analogue Feel Tuning
Tuning system for digital radios that is similar to the dial on an analogue type of radio.
Signal Conversion
Allows the conversion of an analogue signal to a digital signal with a digital camcorder.
Silent Cap
A headphone construction that reduces the sound level heard by other people.
Sirf star III
GPS receiver technology that enables a fast, deep GPS signal search, which means it takes only one second to find your location outdoors. Unlike traditional GPS receivers, SiRFstarIII is so sensitive that it can pick up GPS signals even when you are surrounded by tall buildings are under trees.
Sleep Timer
Programmable automatic shutdown. This function can be selected by remote control to switch the TV receiver into standby mode after a set time.
Slide Show
Allows the continuous playback of stored images. The recorded images can be viewed on the integrated colour LCD or on a separate monitor.
Slideshow with music
Replays stored images in sequence on camera's screen. Slideshow can be enhanced with a choice of visual effects and musical accompaniments.
Slow Synchronised Flash
This option operates the camera at a slow shutter speed for shooting foreground objects in twilight backgrounds.
Smart Mode
When a 4:3 picture is enlarged to the 16:9 format, some parts of the image at the top and bottom of the screen are lost. Smart Mode, a non-linear picture enlargement function, generates a full-format 16:9 picture that depicts the image data of a 4:3 broadcast.
Smart Space Function
Automatically optimises the pause space to three seconds.
Smart Trilogic
An advanced processing system that ensures optimum picture quality during play back. The system enables a device to automatically adjust sharpness based on recording quality and tape condition to ensure a uniformly high quality image on the television screen.
Smart Zoom
Adjusts the zoom ratio depending on the selected image resolution.
SmartFile
SmartFile gives a quick overview of the content and blank time of videocassettes. When the cassette is moved near to the VCR, the content is displayed on the screen of your TV. The titles for each scene are automatically taken from teletext or can be input manually. To watch a scene, simply select it on the screen – the VCR then searches the beginning of the scene and plays it back automatically.
SmartLink
SmartLink provides the following features: Automatic preset exchange between TV and VCR -- during initial setup of a VCR, the preset memory of the TV is downloaded automatically to the VCR. What you see is what you record -- enables simple recording of the programme currently on-screen. One-touch play -- when a tape is played, the TV is automatically turned on and tuned to the right channel. Auto standby -- when the TV is switched off, the VCR is also switched into standby mode. One-touch ShowView®/Menu -- when the ShowView® or Menu buttons on the VCR remote control are pressed, the TV is automatically switched on and tuned to display the information. Signal Quality Matching -- unifies the signal quality of all connected devices. Note: SmartLink only works with TVs that have SmartLink or AV Link functions.
SmartLink (A/V Link)
A function providing intelligent communication between different pieces of audio/video equipment.
SmartSearch
Stores the content of the inserted tape in the VCR and provides an overview of the recorded scenes. After recording a new tape, the memory of the former tape is cleared.
S-Master
(S-Master Digital Amplifier) Developed to achieve the best results from high-quality digital audio sources such as Super Audio CD and DVD sources, S-Master (Full Digital Amplifier) technology transmits audio to your speakers in one simple, yet highly sophisticated digital process. S-Master technology offers a highly efficient power delivery with accurate imaging high resolution and stable performance. Most Sony home cinema systems feature S-Master Digital Amplifier technology. On some very top models you can have S-Master Pro for the best audio quality possible.
S-Master PRO
(S-Master Digital Amplifier) Developed to achieve the best results from high-quality digital audio sources such as Super Audio CD and DVD sources, S-Master (Full Digital Amplifier) technology transmits audio to your speakers in one simple, yet highly sophisticated digital process. S-Master technology offers a highly efficient power delivery with accurate imaging high resolution and stable performance. Most Sony home cinema systems feature S-Master Digital Amplifier technology. On some very top models you can have S-Master Pro for the best audio quality possible.
Smile Shutter
Smile Shutter brings even more fun to portraits and family shots. Cyber-shot™ detects when the subject smiles, automatically firing the shutter at just the right moment to catch more happy faces.
Smooth Scan/Slow
An improved function that offers smoother playback at all playback speeds including picture search and slow motion. The number of pictures displayed per second is increased by 50%.
SMS – Short Message Service
Transmission service for short messages with up to 160 characters via the GSM network.
Snooze Function
A function where the alarm of a clock radio automatically re-activates after a selected time.
SonicStage
Music file management application software from Sony. The software enables users to download music files onto a PC and transfer them to multiple digital music players such as the popular WALKMAN family.
Sony LPEC codec
The Sony LPEC Codec is a standard that ensures any device in which is it is included is capable of delivering and recording (where relevant) the highest quality digital data stream or signal.
Sony Super HAD CCD™
With an advanced sensor configuration that reduces the dead zones between pixels so that each sensor captures more light, the unique Sony Super HAD (Hole Accumulated Diode) CCD™ produces breath-taking images. On-chip micro-lenses enhance the light-collecting performance and CCD sensitivity to generate brighter, more accurate images with reduced image noise.
Speaker Level Input Capability
The amplifier can accept signals directly from the speaker outputs of a head unit. This provides a higher power output even if the head unit does not have a dedicated pre-amp output.
Spherical Acute Matte
Focusing screen technology used in DSLR cameras. Enhances image brightness for easier composition and surer, more accurate focusing.
Spot Meter
Capability to select a specific part of a scene to determine the exposure.
Spot metering
Light is only measured in the viewfinder's central 'spot' area. Ensures accurate exposure calculation. Especially useful in difficult lighting conditions.
S-PVA
Used by Sony and Samsung among others, Super Patterned Vertical Alignment technology is also used to achieve extra-wide viewing angles.
SRAM
Static Random Access Memory is a type of memory that is faster and more reliable than the more common DRAM (dynamic RAM). The term static is derived from the fact that it doesn't need to be refreshed like dynamic RAM. Unfortunately, it is also much more expensive to produce than DRAM. Due to its high cost, SRAM is often used only as a memory cache.
SSB Reception
Single Side Band (SSB) is popular among business radio transmissions, and is commonly used in amateur bands because of its signal intelligibility.
SSM
Super Sonic wave Motor: built-in lens motor provides faster automatic focusing plus quiet, smooth operation.
Stable-writing
In order to prevent serious damages when recording & play-back, advanced moulding and bonding technology guarantees a flat disc which reduced vibrations and enables stable writing and dubbing at high speeds.
Stain-resistant
The hard-performance hard-coat adopted by Sony on its Blu-ray Disc™ media, makes it very resistant to stains, hence ensuring outstanding quality at any time.
STAMINA
STAMINA is an exclusive technology developed by Sony to increase the energy supply and efficiency of cameras, extending battery performance. The resulting improved recording time means more pictures, more freedom and more time concentrating on photography, rather than thinking about your battery.
STAMINA InfoLITHIUM Battery and Adaptor supplied
Supplied with a Sony InfoLITHIUM rechargeable battery -- providing outstanding battery life without the 'memory-effect' obtained with other technologies. The built-in microprocessor communicates with the digital still camera, accurately displaying the remaining shooting time to a one-minute accuracy. A Sony power adaptor with worldwide voltage compatibility is also supplied.
STAMINA Rechargeable NiMH Batteries and Charger supplied
Supplied with two Sony STAMINA NiMH (Nickel Metal Hydride) rechargeable batteries -- providing outstanding battery life. A Sony battery charger with worldwide voltage compatibility is also supplied.
STAMINA Technology
STAMINA is the unique Sony power-management concept that minimises power consumption of every single component, digitises all processes and integrates more chips into one. With heavily reduced power consumption and high-capacity lithium-ion batteries, up to 17 hours of filming time from a single battery charge can be achieved.
Standard Definition
Standard Definition is the traditional format used for TV and video made up of 576 Horizontal lines across the screen
Standby Function
A feature on digital portable radios that switches the radio on at a time specified by the user.