Glossary

Glossary

P


Packet Writing
Packet writing, which requires a UDF driver, enables data to be written to a blank CD-R consecutively. This allows write operations to be interrupted and resumed as required. Not until the CD is finalised can it be read with a conventional CD-ROM drive. CD-Rs that are not finalised can be read only by CD-R/RW drives with the necessary software.
PAL
PAL stands for Phase Alternation Line, the television broadcasting format most commonly used in Europe
PAL 3D Digital Comb Filter
Provides chrominance and luminance separation by looking at several frames and the motion within the picture.
PALplus
PALplus is a further development of Europe's established PAL colour TV standard. It visibly enhances the quality of pictures broadcast in the 16:9 format. PALplus is compatible with all existing 4:3 TVs.
PALplus Out
A port that allows decoded PALplus programmes in the 16:9 format to be recorded.
PALplus Record/Playback
Indicates that PALplus signals can be recorded with your DHR-1000, providing a high-quality picture for 16:9 widescreen TVs/monitors.
Panorama Sound
Sound using four speakers instead of two.
PaP
Picture and Picture
Parallel Interface
Refers to the simultaneous transfer of data on more than one line. Additional control lines are responsible for the coordination of data sending and receiving.
Parental Lock Function
(optional standard) Allows the “locking” of software at the discretion of parents to prevent undesired viewing by children depending on the contents of software. Normal playback of a disc with parental lock function requires a registered identification code.
Pause Live TV
Sony HDD recorders let you pause live TV so you’ll never miss another moment. You can play scenes back from where you left off at different speeds – including slow motion and fast forward – and return to the live broadcast at any time.
Pay-TV Decoder Adaptable
Recorders with this feature are able to connect to a Pay-TV Decoder via Scart.
PC Card
Also known as a PCMCIA Card. Laptops/notebooks have one or two PC Card slots most commonly used for rapid data transfer from a memory card (Smart Media, Compact Flash, Memory Stick™) to the host PC.
PC Card
A standard way of connecting external hardware to a notebook. Once inserted in the slot, the small PC card makes the connection to other hardware components or forms a new hardware component itself (additional memory, modem card etc.).
PC Card Adaptor
Enables the connection of a Memory Stick™ with a PC Card connection (notebook, digital camera).
PC Input
Allows a PC to be connected directly to a TV without the need for a video graphics adaptor.
PC Keyboard
Is a PS-2 connector for a PC keyboard to make the editing function easier.
PCM
Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) used with DV camcorders allows digital audio recording in 16 bit single-stereo mode for best quality or 12 duplex stereo mode for creative sound editing.
PCMCIA card
(Personal Computer Memory Card International Association) This term has been superseded by PC Card.
PDP
Plasma Display Panel: a display in which each pixel on the screen is illuminated by a tiny bit of plasma or charged gas, somewhat like a tiny neon light.
Peak Search
Locates the portion of the disc with the highest input level. This prevents signal overload and is used for accurate recording-level adjustment.
Personal Disk Memory
Personal settings are saved by the MiniDisc player every time you play the disk. The features that can be recalled are: volume, programme play, sound preset and playing speed.
Phone Tools – VAIO software
Phone Tools software provides fax operation and communication with GSM mobile phones and ISDN and PSTN networks. The software can also send and receive short messages (SMS) and process the mobile telephone book.
Photo Map
Photo Map is Sony’s latest innovation to bring all your photos together in a virtual map, ready for you to view in full colour on your BRAVIA TV. Photo Map technology shows precisely where each snap was taken using an intuitive GPS device from Sony that logs your position every 15 seconds. A photo can also have its GPS location ‘tagged’ using software such as Google Earth™ or Picasa™. Loading this data onto your TV, including the time and date each photo was taken, you can see exactly where you were – with your Cyber-shot camera or Sony Ericsson mobile – at the time.
Photo Map
Photo Map technology shows precisely where each snap was taken. Photo Map requires two things: a BRAVIA with an active Internet connection and a digital photo with embedded Global Positioning System (GPS) information like latitude and longitude. A photo can also have its GPS location ‘tagged’ using software such as Google™ Earth or Picasa™. Loading this data onto your BRAVIA TV, including the time and date each photo was taken, you can see exactly where you were – with your Cyber-shot camera or Sony Ericsson mobile – at the time.
Photo Mode
Still pictures can be recorded on tape for a period of 7 seconds.
Photomovie
Photomovie lets you add a music theme to an album of digital photos when stored on your HDD/DVD recorder. Creating a customised slideshow is easy and can be completed in three simple steps, so that you can entertain and impress friends and family. Once the slideshow is created, you can access it again at any time. You can even burn your slideshow straight to a DVD.
PhotoTV HD
PhotoTV HD lets you view high-resolution digital still images in breathtaking detail and colour. Most TVs are optimised for moving images and unable to reproduce the true colour and contrast of digital still photos. With PhotoTV HD, your photos appear in amazing 1920 x 1080 HD quality with automatic optimisations for colour, contrast and crispness. You can also control how photos look on screen, so that they are as close to traditional film as ever. <table> <tbody> <tr> <td>&#160; <p align="center"><img alt="" src="http://www.sony.ie/productcategory/pictures/odw_en_IE/thumbnail/glossary_phototvhd.jpg"></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p align="center">&#160;<span class="capte">PhotoTV HD</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
Piano black finish
Selected BRAVIA TVs come in a stunning high gloss, black finish. At the very height of sultry design sophistication, it’s the centre piece of any living room.
PictBridge™
PictBridge™ technology enables the user to connect a camera or camcorder directly to a compatible printer via a USB cable. Using the camera’s LCD and controls the user is able to select, edit and print photos.
Picture & Picture
(PAP) Split screen capability allowing you to watch a TV channel and an AV source, such as DVD or Blu-ray Disc™, at the same time.
Picture and Text
(PAT) Teletext from the channel you are watching is displayed on the right-hand side of the screen while the picture continues on the left.
Picture Frame Mode
Picture Frame Mode is an advanced feature that means you can use your BRAVIA TV like a painting or large-screen digital photo frame. When you are not watching TV, display your favourite images or choose one of the pre-installed photos to create a striking centrepiece for your living room. <table> <tbody> <tr> <td>&#160; <p align="center"><img alt="" src="http://www.sony.ie/productcategory/pictures/odw_en_IE/thumbnail/glossary_picture_ frame_mode.jpg"></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p align="center">&#160;<span class="capte">Picture Frame Mode</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
Picture Freeze
A still frame is displayed on the TV screen while the sound continues.
Picture Gift
Stored images can be sent wirelessly to another compatible camera within close range. Uses the DNLA standard for image transmission over wireless networks.
Picture In Picture
(PIP) Displays the PC on the screen along with a small picture from the TV source.  Enables you to browse your PC applications while watching a TV channel.
Picture in Text
(PiT) A combination of Dual Page Text and PIP that slightly compresses the teletext pages to allow the simultaneous depiction of a TV picture or video source.
Picture Motion Browser
Sony image and video editing software package.
PictureGear™ – VAIO Software
PictureGear™ gives an overview of and organises existing image files. Other options include simple background design for the Microsoft® Windows® desktop and basic slide shows.
PiP
Picture in Picture
Pitch-Control Function
This function allows fine variation of playback speed and is used, for example, to adjust the tuning of instruments. Playback time is reduced or extended with no loss of quality.
Pixela Image Mixer Software
This can be used to file and edit still and moving images, as well as sound. It is easy to use and provides both serious and fun features, including many image transitions.
Playback Zoom
After taking your picture, you can use the Playback Zoom function to electronically zoom in on subjects in your photo.
Playback Zoom/Trimming
This function enables a 640 x 480 pixel image to be made from part of a larger UXGA 1600 x 1200 pixel picture. The new VGA file will be stored on the Memory Stick™.
PLAYSTATION®3
PLAYSTATION®3 is the next generation entertainment system from Sony. It features Blu-ray Disc™ technology to put you at the heart of a theatre-quality movie experience, packed with crystal clear images and bold colours. Cutting-edge gaming hits new levels too, with life-like graphics and stunning sound. Use your PS3 to watch movies in High Definition, store all your favourite music and photos and get online with the PLAYSTATION®Network. The Hard Disk Drive is also ideal for keeping all your digital video files in one secure place.
PLL-Synthesiser Tuner
Tuning circuit for frequency adjustment even at different temperatures.
Plug & Play
Installation of hardware components by automatic device recognition.
Plug and Play
Direct and easy product use. No time consuming manual product set up required before first use.
PNG
Better quality images and less space: a Portable Network Graphic file, or PNG, is a bitmapped image format that can compress data or images without losing any quality. It was designed for transferring images on the Internet, and is now used to display content on mobile phones, digital cameras, the PSP and the latest Reader eBook from Sony. The result is smaller graphics taking up less memory – but ultra loud in detail.
Points of Interest
POI (points of interest). Enables the user to search for points of interest such as hotels within a certain nearby radius, in a certain town or in a certain country.
Pop-Up Eject Mechanism
By pressing the open button, the disk will be ejected automatically.
Port Replicator
A hardware unit designed to provide additional interfaces to ultra-compact notebook computers.
Portable Audio Enhancer
Portable Audio Enhancer Music converted to MP3 loses quality. Portable Audio Enhancer compensates for this by boosting the audio frequencies to bring the sound back closer to the original source levels, ensuring better quality with Network WALKMAN® devices and any other portable audio player.
Position Plus
Three sensor positioning, GPS, Acceleration Sensor and Pressure Sensor for accurate route guidance even during loss of GPS signal
Position Pointer
A graphic line in the display showing the MiniDisc capacity during record or playback.
Position Sensor
A device that automatically recognises whether a picture is being taken with the camera held horizontally or vertically. The image is then shown with the appropriate orientation on the monitor. The correct position is also stored in the data file to ensure that the correct depiction is always recalled.
Pre / Sub Output
Head Unit can switch from a full range audio pre-out to a dedicated sub-out.
Preamp output
Allows you to add an optional power amplifier.
Precision Cinema Progressive
This Sony-unique feature generates a superb progressive video signal using Pixel by Pixel I/P (Interlace/Progressive) Conversion and V-Edge Compensation technologies.
Precision Digital Zoom
Electronically increases the range of zoom while preserving image quality.
Precision Drive
A very fast precision drive unit providing the highest readout quality and fastest disc access.
Precision Drive 3
The Precision Drive™ 3 System is able to correct errors on warped DVD discs.
Presence Sensor
The Presence Sensor is an intelligent body heat and movement detector that can tell whether you’re in the room or not. When you leave the room, the sensor activates an energy-saving ‘picture off’ mode, while leaving TV sound on. The picture turns back on as soon as you re-enter the room. If no movement is detected, the set automatically switches to standby after 30 minutes.
Print Mark
You can select pictures in your camera using the Print Mark function. By print-marking the selected pictures, the Memory Stick™ printer or the floppy-disk printer will automatically print the selected pictures.
Program AE
Program AE (Auto Exposure) enables shooting in various conditions. The shutter speed and iris are adapted to the particular situation.
Program Label
Each memory location of a duly equipped TV receiver can be assigned its own freely programmable code (e.g., BBC, Sky). This station code is briefly displayed on the screen automatically each time you switch channels.
Program Shift
Allows for various combinations of shutter speed and aperture at the same exposure level.
Progressive Scan System
This term is used to describe an image sensor that gathers its data and processes from each scan line, one after the other, in sequence.
Progressive Shutter System
Information is gathered and processed on each line, one after the other, using a mechanical shutter. A similar process to the Progressive Scan System that provides similar results.
Progressive Video Out
Output of 60 frames instead of 60 fields for better picture quality with no visible lines. Only for NTSC (National Television Standards Committee) signals (i.e., USA only).
PSTN
(Public Switched Telephone Network) The analogue telephone system that operates in most countries.
PTY
(Programme Type Information) Allows you to search for and display the type of radio station you've tuned in to. PTY data names such as NEWS and SPORT appear on your head unit's display.
Push Pull Sound
Using complementary speaker drive units in a single chamber, an improved bass response is achieved.
PVR
A personal video recorder (PVR) is a device that records video without videotape or DVD discs. Instead, content is recorded to a hard drive-based digital storage medium. Stored content can then be recalled by the user as and when required.