Glossary

Glossary

M


Macro
An advanced lens-focusing technology that enables perfectly focused close-up photographs of small and detailed subjects.
Magic Pad
Magic Pad (On-screen menu) A graphical user interface (GUI) that enables control of the DVD player via the remote commander using on-screen menus.
MagicGate™
Copyright protection technology for MagicGate™ Memory Stick™ and compliant products. Authentication technology ensures that protected content is only transferred between compliant devices and media, and protected content is recorded and transferred in an encrypted format to prevent unauthorised copying or playback.
Manual controls
Manual controls give greater flexibility over user adjustment of focus, exposure and other camera settings. This allows more creative possibilities when you’re shooting.
Manual exposure
Adjustment by the user of shutter speed, aperture, ISO and other camera settings.
Manual Exposure Control
Enables manual compensation for strong backlighting, low contrast and insufficient ambient light.
Manual Fader
Music tracks can be faded in and out manually with this function.
Manual Focus
A useful function to keep pictures in focus under poor lighting conditions, or if the scene has low contrast. It can also be used to create special focusing effects.
Manual Focus/Zoom Ring
The manual zoom ring gives users greater control, with a quick, sensitive and more responsive zoom. The zoom lever is particularly convenient when taking shots of moving objects.
Manual Mode
Manual mode offers you full control over the camera’s aperture size and shutter speed settings.
Mavica
Sony Digital Mavica (magnetic video camera) uses the common 3.5 inch floppy disc for picture storage. In combination with the popular JPEG picture compression format, it is a breakthrough in digital photography.
MBP
(My Best sound Position) Provides sound adjustment at the touch of a button. Three modes (MBP Off, MBP-A, MBP-B) control both fader and balance simultaneously.
MD Link
An optical digital audio interface used to connect a MiniDisc recorder or player to a CD WALKMAN® or portable CD player for easy digital recording or playback.
MD Link/MD Link Plus
An optical digital audio interface for easy recording of music, including Start IDs, from a CD player to a MiniDisc recorder. It also enables the MiniDisc recorder to be controlled remotely and powered from a stationary unit. Disc information is also displayed on the stationary unit.
MDLP
(MD Long Play) A long playing/recording mode for MiniDisc that enables up to four times the storage time, i.e., up to 240 minutes of audio can be recorded on a standard 60-minute blank disk.
MDLP
(MiniDisc Long Play) New feature that expands the capacity of a regular 80-minute MiniDisc to a maximum of 320 minutes of digital music.
Mechanism
High Speed: a durable high-performance tape-protecting mechanism with rapid cue and access times for comfortable editing. SmartDrive: a highly durable and silent mechanism perfectly suited for home entertainment equipment. A newly developed diecast base for drum and tape path guarantees a smooth and precise reading of the tape. Offers 10 mm of height reduction in comparison to the former mechanism. FlashRewind: a newly developed high-speed mechanism that rewinds a 180-minute tape in just 60 seconds.
Media Bar – VAIO software
Reproduction software for various video and audio formats supported by VAIO.
Mega Bass/Bass Boost Function
Allows users to boost the bass at low volume levels, optimising the sound quality of the headphone output.
Megapixels
Megapixels measure the resolution of the camera’s sensor. A high megapixel count means crisp, detail-packed images that look great, even when they’re blown up as big enlargements when you’re printing or viewing on screen.
Melody Alarm
The Melody Alarm function offers you a choice of melodies in addition to the radio alarm.
Memory Stick™
A future-proof, compact and convenient storage unit (Flash memory) for all kinds of digital data.
Memory Stick™ PRO compatibility
The Cyber-shot® camera can use Memory Stick™ PRO as an optional storage medium, providing up to 1 GB of space for digital photos and MPEG movies.
Memory Stick™ PRO-Duo
Super small, the Memory Stick™ PRO-Duo is a media device that offers high speed transfer and instant playback of files. As well as transferring files from one computer or laptop to another, Memory Stick™ PRO-Duo is perfect for using with pocket-sized digital cameras, PSP handheld gaming consoles and mobile phones. With a range of sizes up to 16GB storage capacity, you can transport all your favourite files quickly and simply – from music, video and gaming to digital photos and large documents. Just plug your Memory Stick™ PRO-Duo in, drag and drop your files, and off you go.
Memory Stick™ PRO-HG Duo
High capacity, high speed removable memory format - ideal for large picture, video and other media files. Compatible with Memory Stick PRO devices.
Menu Settings
MiniDisc recorders equipped with this feature allow a number of personal basic menu settings and parameters to be stored.
Menu System
Menu systems are on-screen dialogue systems that enhance ease of use. The user is guided by means of coloured items on the menus or Advanced Menu functions. Menus are accessed via the remote control unit.
MG™ Memory Stick™
(MagicGate™ Memory Stick™) A Memory Stick™ that complies with the SDMI (Secure Digital Music Initiative) specification for the storage and playback of copyrighted music.
MICROMV
An MPEG-2-based video system that enabled the production of the most compact Handycam ever imagined, without any compromise on picture quality or recording time.
MICROMV (In/Out Terminal)
For MICROMV products, the i.LINK™ terminal is used to transfer digital video footage in the MICROMV format. It is not compatible with the DV or Digital8 format, because a different data-compression technology is applied.
Midnight Sky
Midnight Sky is inspired by the draw the LINE design concept. When the TV is off, the frame completely disappears due to the darkness of the black colour to maximize enjoyment of the viewing experience without distraction. But when you look closely, you can see some sparkling powder mixed into the frame, like stars shining in the dark night sky, becoming a real centrepiece of the room.
MiniDisc®
Developed by Sony, MiniDisc® is a small, digital recording format. Its unique features include fast access to content, editing functions and the ability to record onto the same disc many times.
Minimum Illumination
Sony Handycam uses advanced lenses and a cat’s eye CCD, allowing colourful filming even in very dark conditions, such as candle light. Minimum illumination is indicated in Lux, where 1 Lux is the amount of light you get from 1 candle at a distance of 1 metre. The lower the Lux value, the higher the sensitivity of the camera, and the better the picture.
MMX® processor
MMX® (Multi-Media Extension) is a processor technology that allows efficient execution of video- and audio-driven applications.
Modelling flash
A long burst of flashes at reduced power. Indicates where shadows will fall on the subject - used during set-up of a shot to confirm flash positioning.
Mono Recording
A feature on Sony MiniDisc recorders that allows the audio recording to be switched to mono, thus doubling recording time. An MDW-80 has a stereo recording time of 80 minutes and a mono recording time of 160 minutes. All Sony MiniDisc players can play back mono recordings.
MOSFET Driver and Power Amplifier
A MOSFET (Metal Oxide Silicon Field Effect Transistor) is a high-performance electronic circuit element used in the driver and power-output stage of different Sony amplifiers. It provides excellent transient reproduction in high-power audio amplifiers.
MOSFET Output Stage
MOSFETs (Metal Oxide Silicon Field Effect Transistors) used in an amplifier's output stage provide high output power, wide frequency response and minimal distortion.
Motherboard
The main circuit board containing the vital components of a PC such as the processor and the RAM.
Motion Adaptive Field Noise Reduction
This new noise-reduction technology reduces background noise, without having an effect on moving objects.
Motion Eye camera
A built-in camera featured on some VAIO notebook models for optimized video conferencing. It is optimally located on the upper LCD bezel for smooth communication with clear image transmission.
Motionflow +100Hz
MotionFlow technology boosts the refresh rate from standard 50Hz to 100Hz for super-smooth, ultra-realistic viewing. It creates 50 unique frames between each of the existing 50 frames, doubling the frames displayed per second in real-time. Motionflow +100Hz works with both film-based content and standard TV and DVD.
Motionflow 100Hz
MotionFlow technology boosts the refresh rate from standard 50Hz to 100Hz for super-smooth, ultra-realistic viewing. It creates 50 unique frames between each of the existing 50 frames, doubling the frames displayed per second in real-time. Motionflow 100Hz works with both film-based content and standard TV and DVD.
Motionflow 200Hz
Motionflow 200Hz is the world’s first quadruple speed frame rate for TV, that takes picture clarity a giant leap further. Not one, but three new images are added to the action, predicting motion in all directions to create powerfully sharp images displayed at an astonishing 200 frames per second. You won’t miss a single detail of sporting action. Films and cartoons shot at 24 frames per second are enhanced with Motionflow 200Hz too, which inserts seven new images to get rid of annoying judder or blur. <table> <tbody> <tr> <td>&#160; <p align="center"><img alt="" src="http://www.sony.ie/productcategory/pictures/odw_en_IE/thumbnail/glossary_motionflow_200Hz.jpg"></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p align="center">&#160;<span class="capte">Motionflow 200Hz</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
Motionflow Dark Frame Insertion
Motionflow Dark Frame Insertion is an exclusive technology to Sony that doubles the frame rate of BRAVIA projectors from 50Hz to 100Hz. It delivers greater smoothness for fast-moving images, gives extraordinary contrast ratio and eliminates camera judder. What you see is fast paced action brought to life with fluid, natural movement.
Motionflow Pro 100Hz
Motionflow PRO 100Hz reduces motion blur and doubles the standard frame rate on the latest BRAVIA TVs creating the clearest, smoothest and most lifelike high speed images yet. Intelligently increasing the number of frames per second, Motionflow Pro 100Hz also uses backlight blinking technology. A new feature of Motionflow, Backlight Blinking technology improves performance even further. On top of the smooth flow of on screen action created by the extra frames, Backlight Blinking enhances fast-paced action to the extreme. Images appear cleaner, sharper and with virtually no ‘flicker’. It works by turning the backlight off and on so you get a less blurred effect when fast-paced sports or adventure scenes speed across the screen. <table> <tbody> <tr> <td>&#160; <p align="center"><img alt="" src="http://www.sony.ie/productcategory/pictures/odw_en_IE/thumbnail/glossary_motionflow_pro100hz004.jpg"></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p align="center">&#160;<span class="capte">Motionflow Pro 100Hz</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
Motor-driven Input Selector
The motor-driven input selector provides high-quality, loss-free switching of the CD, tuner and tape input signals.
Movie/Music Mode
When a disc is inserted, the system automatically chooses one of two audio modes: Music Mode is preset to the optimal bass settings for CD playback while Movie Mode is ideal for DVD movie playback. Movie / Music Mode makes otherwise complex audio adjustments easy, bringing your music and films to life.
MP3
Standard data reduction system for audio files (MPEG-1 Layer 3).
MPEG
(Motion Picture Experts Group) This is a standard compression format for storing and transferring pictures, music and data with little or no loss in quality. Different formats include MPEG-2 and advanced MPEG-4, which is used primarily to compress digital audio and video data as well as stream media. Sony Cyber-shot cameras, Handycam® camcorders and the new WALKMAN® video all use MPEG technology. Cyber-shot cameras also feature various MPEG Movie modes like MPEG Movie Video Mail – designed for creating small files which are easy to e-mail – and MPEG Movie VX, which allows you to record smooth-quality footage for play back at full size on a TV.
MPEG EX
MPEG EX (MPEG Extended) enables recording and writing of data at the same time on a Memory Stick™. Up to 90 minutes of video can be stored using a 128 MB Memory Stick™.
MPEG Movie
Allows you to capture short video and audio sequences with your camera. The data can be viewed then and there on the camera's LCD screen, or on a TV via the AV-out, or simply transferred for editing or storage to another multimedia device.
MPEG Movie (without audio)
Allows you to capture short video sequences with your camera and save them digitally onto Sony Memory Stick™. The data can then be viewed then and there on the camera's LCD screen, or simply and digitally transferred via Memory Stick™ for editing or storage on another multimedia device.
MPEG Movie EX
Non-stop recording for as long as your digital storage space lasts. Features include cue, play and review functions, plus a mode allowing longer clips to be split into shorter segments.
MPEG Movie HQX
Non-stop high-quality recording for as long as your digital storage space lasts. Features include cue, play and review functions, plus a mode that allows longer clips to be split into shorter segments. This version provides an image resolution of 320 x 240, 16.6 frames per second.
MPEG Movie HQX (without audio)
Non-stop high-quality recording for as long as your digital storage space lasts. Features include cue, play and review functions, plus a mode that allows longer clips to be split into shorter segments. This version provides an image resolution of 320 x 240, 16.6 frames per second.
MPEG Movie-HQ
A digital video mode allowing the recording of high-quality short video and audio sequences using a digital camera. MPEG Movie-HQ provides image resolution of 320 x 240 pixels at 16.6 frames per second with improved sound quality.
MPEG VX Fine
MPEG-VX fine mode lets you record MPEG video with upto 640x480 pixel resolution.
MPEG-1
MPEG is an abbreviation of Motion Picture Experts Group. MPEG-1 is a data-compression format that stores digital video images. Using a resolution of 160 x 112 pixels, you can record small video clips up to 1 minute on MPEG-1. Contrary to the PAL standard (25 images per second), only 8 images per second are recorded.
MPEG-2
MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group) is now used as a generic term referring to the methods used for compressing digital video data to enable efficient data transfer and storage. MPEG-2 was adopted in 1994 as the universal picture coding system for broadcasting, communications and storage media. MPEG-2 multichannel audio is one of the digital surround-sound systems available on DVDs, another option being Dolby® Digital.
MPEG-4
An MPEG standard that can be used for Internet, broadcast and storage media. Developed by MPEG (the Motion Picture Experts Group) MPEG-4 was specially designed to compress digital and audio media into small file sizes for low-bandwidth applications.
MPRT
New standard of motion picture performance
MS Duo
Smaller than full-sized Memory Stick removable media, Memory Stick DUO is often used in mobile phones, cameras and other portable devices where it's important to keep size and weight to a minimum.
MSV
(Memory Stick™ Voice) Audio-compression format for Memory Stick™ Chip Recorder.
Multi Aspect Ratio Capability
The aspect ratio of an image is the ratio of width versus height. These are conventionally 4:3 (for conventional TVs) and 16:9 (for widescreen TVs). A DVD may incorporate a “pan and scan” aspect ratio (trimming the left and right portions of the playback picture) or “letterbox” mode (pictures reproduced with black bands above and below the picture) for displaying widescreen 4:3 aspect ratio pictures on a widescreen display.
Multi Burst
Multi Burst allows a digital camera to automatically take 16 shots and store them as one JPEG file. These can then be viewed on the camera in a 0.8-second interval sequence, or as a full 16-image montage on a PC screen.
Multi Jog Dial™
An ergonomic feature that provides quick and easy control of the most important basic functions and programming options.
Multi PIP
Divides the screen into a number of smaller screens for various features.
Multi-Angle Function
Video scenes taken from up to 9 different camera angles (e.g., from live concerts and sports events) can be stored on a DVD and, during playback, selected by the viewer instantly. This DVD-player function is only applicable if the DVD being played contains multi-angle content.
Multi-Angle Speaker
Extension and improvement of the three tweeters with different radiation pattern in mini-systems.
Multi-Disc Programme
Using the Multi-Disc Programme, it is possible to mix up to 24 titles from a maximum of six CDs.
Multi-Pattern Measuring
This mode is used for images with a great variation in brightness or where the key subject is off-centre. The image is divided into 49 regions, each of which is analysed to determine the optimum exposure.
Multi-Pattern/Spot Metering
Multi-Pattern metering: this mode is used for images with a great variation in brightness or where the key subject is off-centre. The image is divided into 49 regions, each of which is analysed to determine the optimum exposure. Spot metering: this mode is used to select a specific part of the scene to determine the exposure. This is particularly useful when photographing images with a wide contrast range.
Multi-Pattern/Spot/Centre-Weighted Metering
Multi-Pattern metering: this mode is used for images with a great variation in brightness or where the key subject is off-centre. The image is divided into 49 regions, each of which is analysed to determine the optimum exposure. Spot metering: this mode is used to select a specific part of the scene to determine the exposure. This is particularly useful when photographing images with a wide contrast range. Centre-weighted metering: in this mode, it is primarily the centre of the image that is used to determine exposure, therefore it is appropriate for most general shots.
Multiple Language Function
The DVD Video format is capable of storing up to eight different language soundtracks on a disc. Discs with two, three or four language options are most common in Europe.
Multiple Language Subtitling
The DVD Video format allows up to 32 different language subtitles to be stored on a disc, which can be selected during playback from the menu on your TV. Commonly, European discs will carry two, three or four subtitles, depending on the software company’s decision.