Glossary

Glossary

B


Background defocus
Create professional-looking images with a crisp foreground subject against a smoothly blurred background, just like a DSLR camera
Backlight
A built-in light source transmitted from the rear of the display, to allow them to be read.
Backlight Compensation
When using conventional camcorders, subjects can appear as silhouettes if a strong light source is positioned behind them. All Handycam models include Backlight Compensation, which ensures that this does not occur and subjects appear clearly.
Back-lit display
A Back-lit display comprises a light source (often LED) positioned in the back of a liquid-crystal or other electronic display. Used in our range of Sony WALKMAN® models it increases readability and visibility, especially when the screen is being viewed in bright daylight. When out and about, Back-lit display technology means it’s still easy to read what’s on the screen.
Bank
Allows you to delete unwanted tracks on a CD and memorise a playlist of your favourites.
Bass boost
Bass boost is a one-touch Sony technology that pumps the bass signal up. When you’re looking for that extra bit of bass – or a lot – it takes just one click on a Sony WALKMAN® mp3 or mp4 player, HiFi or other audio device and the song is enhanced with thumping bass for a distinctive, rich experience.
Bass Reflex Body
Bass response is enhanced by including acoustically tuned vents in the sound path.
Bass Reflex Speaker System
A speaker design that features a port or ports to optimise bass reproduction without compromising mid- and high-frequency audio quality.
Bass Reflex System
Bass reproduction is very difficult when using physically small driver units, therefore a bass reflex system is integrated in some loudspeakers. Bass response is enhanced by including acoustically tuned vents in the sound path.
Battery stamina
High-capacity InfoLITHIUM rechargeable battery gives extended shooting time. The camera’s display provides an accurate indication of remaining battery levels, so there’s less risk of running out of power.
BBE Digital
Gives a pure ‘noise-free’ clarity to every sound coming from your BRAVIA set - from an exploding building to a gently inhaled breath. BBE adds nothing artificial to the digital audio signal but instead restructures it to faithfully allow every original detail and nuance.
BBE MP
BBE MP restores and enhances harmonics lost in previously compressed music files. It re-produces the warmth and vibrancy in your music.
BBE ViVA
BBE ViVA high quality sound and built-in Virtual Dolby® creates the effect of full surround sound from just two front speakers. Built in to the BRAVIA TV range, it counteracts the distorting effects of 3D sound – such as lack of high fidelity, unclear dialogue and a distant centre channel. The result is a natural, three-dimensional sound with crystal clarity for solo vocals and spoken word.
BBeB Book
Broadband eBook (BBeB) is a format for electronic books developed by Sony. Many websites offer free “out of copyright” ebooks in this Reader-compatible format, although new titles in BBeB are generally only available to US consumers via US websites. The BBeB specification was developed by Sony to shrink the text of large books (over 250 pages) into a small file size, and to incorporate Open MG copy protection to prevent unlimited content copying. The new, open EPUB file format features many of the same advantages that BBeB offers to book lovers.
Bezel
Bezels are interchangeable coloured frames that let you change the look of your BRAVIA TV to match it with any room décor. Many BRAVIA TV models come with coloured bezels as standard, along with matching stands. Certain models allow you to choose from a selection of optional colours and designs.
Bi-amp
Bi-amplification is the connection system between a loudspeaker and an amplifier system whereby two amplifiers are used to drive each speaker. To bi-amplify a pair of stereo speakers you require two stereo amplifiers or four monoblocs. Usually, one amplifier will drive the bass section of the speaker and the other amplifier will drive the mid / high frequency section. This minimises distortion levels and greatly improves sound quality. For receivers with this capability it means any unused amplifiers can be switched to take advantage of this feature.
Bilingual switch
All Sony stereo camcorders are equipped with a switch to select the channel used for playback of pre-recorded bilingual software.
Bionz image processor
The high-speed Bionz image processing engine allows the user to capture pictures at lightning speed. The engine offers high-speed burst shooting at up to three frames per second continuously, at 10.2-megapixels and the finest JPEG compression.
Bit
The smallest piece of data that a computer can process. It can only be in one of two states 0 or 1 (also known as "on“ or "off“).
Black Trinitron®
Colours appear more brilliant if viewed against a black background. Sony Black Trinitron® picture tubes have a special dark tint that makes colours more intense and improves contrast.
Blank Skip
When using the blank skip function, the tape is fast-forwarded to the next track if there is a blank space longer than 12 seconds.
Block Noise Reduction
MPEG digital video compression works by compressing square areas of pixels. Under some conditions, an artefact called block noise can occur in the picture. Block Noise Reduction processes the noise blocks so that they become invisible.
Blue Display
Head units can be supplied with a display colour matching the blue illumination found in certain car instrument panels.
Blue-laser technology
Conventional optical technologies such as CD, DVD and magneto-optical (MO) drives write data using red lasers. But makers of storage systems and recording media have developed ways to read and write using more efficient blue lasers. Blue lasers operate at shorter optical wavelengths, therefore they can write more data in the same space and write and read data faster than devices that use red lasers. Blu-ray Disc™ media are based on the blue-laser technology.
Bluetooth Audio Streaming (A2DP)
Bluetooth profile "Advanced Audio Distribution Profile'. Enables wireless high-quality audio streaming from portable audio devices like MP3 player, mobile phones and PDAs.
Bluetooth Hands-Free operation
Bluetooth profile or "Hands Free Profile" enables wireless mobile phone handsfree operation in the car.
Bluetooth®
Bluetooth® is a low-cost short-range wireless system for communication of data and voice. A Bluetooth® device contains hardware and software that enables it to communicate with other Bluetooth® devices.
Bluetooth® Function
Opens up an exciting world of wireless functionality using Bluetooth® technology. Enabling you to directly transfer images to any device that supports the Bluetooth® Basic Imaging Profile, Bluetooth® frees you from ‘cable stress’ as well as providing you with the added bonus of remote video camera functionality.
Bluetooth® Stereo
Bluetooth® Stereo is a wireless interface specification for built-in Bluetooth-based communication between compatible devices. It allows you to easily connect a Bluetooth-enabled WALKMAN® to compatible devices (car stereo, mini HiFi, wireless headphones, etc). This technology controls how the audio signal is streamed, enabling you to experience high quality audio on your wireless headset. The result is more freedom in your listening experience, without wires getting in the way. Whether in your car, lounge or on the move, you can listen to your favourite songs without the hassle of wires.
Blu-ray
The Blu-ray Disc™ is a high-density optical disc format designed for storage of high-definition video and data.
Blu-ray Disc™
The name of the next-generation optical disc format. Blu-ray Disc™ (BD) offers more than five times the capacity of traditional DVDs. It means users can enjoy an immersive High Definition experience, with movies and music faithfully delivered in all their original glory. Enjoy full-length movies with the best possible High Definition pictures, sparkling digital multi-channel sound and loads of interactive extras. Blu-ray Disc™ has also been designed to store High Definition digital video, sound, pictures, games, PC files and just about anything you want. PLAYSTATION®3 features a BD-ROM Blu-ray Disc™ drive so you’ll be able to enjoy 1080p HD movies as well as the latest gaming entertainment.
BMC Material
BMC (bulk moulding compound) is a mixture of marble, glass fibre and epoxy resin. This material is very strong and is used in areas where vibration is unacceptable, particularly in DVD drives.
BMP
(Bitmap) An uncompressed, graphic format that maps an image pixel, bit by bit.
Bookmark Function
This function allows users to bookmark their favourite CD or MiniDisc tracks while listening to their music. Afterwards, the bookmarked tracks can be played back automatically.
BRAVIA
Best Resolution Audio Visual Integrated Architecture
BRAVIA 1080 Wireless
Keeping cables out of the picture, BRAVIA 1080 Wireless technology means you can wirelessly connect external devices such as Blu-ray Disc™ and DVD players, PLAYSTATION®3 consoles and more to your BRAVIA television. Components are housed in a discreet and stylish Media Receiver box, which communicates to your BRAVIA LCD set via Wi-Fi. This means you can enjoy 1080i high quality digital images and sound on the big screen – without worrying about messy cables ruining the picture.
BRAVIA ENGINE
BRAVIA ENGINE is the high picture performance engine used in the latest Sony LCD televisions. An original picture tuning and noise reduction process was developed by Sony to guarantee vivid and high contrast images. The complex noise reduction process enhances low contrast images until they are crisp and realistic, and processes blues, greens and whites within each frame to generate the richness and colour accuracy.
BRAVIA ENGINE 2
By using our most innovative technologies such as intelligent noise reduction and Advanced Contrast Enhancer, BRAVIA ENGINE 2 builds on the power of the acclaimed BRAVIA ENGINE and adds four new image processing stages. What’s more, BRAVIA ENGINE 2 incorporates full digital signal processing across many different signals. The result is astonishingly clear and life-like colours with the most natural tones possible. Black levels are the deepest and most detailed, with a brightness and contrast that’s crisp and confident.
BRAVIA ENGINE EX
BRAVIA ENGINE EX is an enhanced version of the now renowned BRAVIA ENGINE Intelligent Picture Technology. It performs many of the same functions, but at a far higher level. Four advanced technologies (Composite Component Technology, Image Format Technology, Flat Panel Display Driver Technology and Digital Reality Creation) combine to produce outstanding picture performance with even greater density and depth. <table> <tbody> <tr> <td>&#160; <p align="center"><img alt="" src="http://www.sony.ie/productcategory/pictures/odw_en_IE/thumbnail/glossary_beex.jpg"></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p align="center">&#160;<span class="capte"> BRAVIA Engine EX</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
BRAVIA ENGINE PRO
BRAVIA ENGINE PRO goes one step further than BRAVIA ENGINE EX (explained above) by harnessing enhanced Digital Reality Creation technology. This upgrades your High Definition signal for even greater resolution and superior picture performance.
BRAVIA Sync
BRAVIA Sync lets you sit back and control other devices by Sony, like a Handycam® camcorder or Blu-ray Disc™ player, using your BRAVIA TV remote control. Another brilliantly simple way to get more out of Sony products. For example, if your Blu-ray Disc™ player is connected to your BRAVIA TV via HDMI™, you can watch a movie simply by pressing play on your BRAVIA remote. Or if you connect your Cyber-shot digital camera to your BRAVIA TV via HDMI™ you can use the TV remote to view the movies and pictures stored on the device. <table> <tbody> <tr> <td>&#160; <p align="center"><img alt="" src="http://www.sony.ie/productcategory/pictures/odw_en_IE/thumbnail/glossary_braviasync.jpg"></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p align="center">&#160;<span class="capte">BRAVIA Sync</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
BRAVIA Theatre Sync
Bravia Theatre Sync is a new way of controlling Home Theatre setups. Using HDMI™ connections and one remote control, signals can be sent between the various units that make up the system. BRAVIA Theatre Sync is designed to cut out any complexity so you can concentrate on enjoying the movie. Just one push of a button and the audio equipment and TV are switched on, the correct inputs selected and the Blu-ray Disc™ or DVD player starts to play.
Broadband
Always on and ultra fast, Broadband is a permanent internet connection that gives you high speed upload and download times at rates of up to and over 24MB per second. Running in duality with your phone line, you can have the best of both worlds: chatting on a landline and using the internet at the same time. On the internet, whether you’re looking for music, eBooks, video streaming or just surfing, you can access content quicker and with few – if any – delays. This is why Broadband is now used everywhere around the world: from laptops and PCs to mobile phones, BRAVIA HDTVs and PlayStation® gaming consoles....to connect you quickly and easily to the World Wide Web, whatever you want to do.
BTM
(Best Tuning Memory) Automatically selects and stores the stations with the strongest signals on the preset buttons in order of frequency. By engaging AF on RDS-equipped sets, this function will arrange the strongest signals in ascending order according to Programme Identification codes.
Burst mode
Burst mode temporarily speeds up data transmission between shots by using a buffer memory. Consecutive images can be stored in rapid succession, without needing to wait for the camera to record each individual image. This is ideal for sports, action and wildlife photography, as well as for capturing once-in-a-lifetime shots.
Byte
One byte consists of 8 bits. One byte can represent 256 characters, numbers or colour values.