Glossary

Glossary

A


A/D Converter
A high-performance IC Chip that converts analogue signals into a digital format. The resulting digital data is then capable of being processed using Digital Signal Processing (DSP) techniques. Modern IC chips work based on 1 bit technology.
AAC
Advanced Audio Coding. A digitally compressed music format.
AAC
AAC (Advanced Audio Coding) is an audio format that succeeds mp3. The standard for Sony PlayStation®, PSP and WALKMAN® models, AAC technology provides more efficient audio compression at the same bit rate. This creates superior sound quality, whether you’re playing the latest game or listening to a favourite track.
AAC-LC (Advanced Audio Coding – Low Complexity)
AAC-LC is one of the four Advanced Audio Coding profiles. Providing improved sound quality compared to mp3, it is the simplest and most widely supported of the four. AAC-LC offers greater compatibility across a wide range of devices, so you can enjoy superior sound whether it’s coming from the Sony WALKMAN®, PSP or PlayStation®.
ABC Tuner
A tuner with Automatic Bandwidth Control (ABC) offers improved reception quality by minimising distortion noise from neighbouring stations.
Account
When you sign up with an Internet Service Provider (ISP), you are given an account name or account ID as well as a password. This will allow you to access the Internet as well as your e-mail account when your modem dials the access number provided by the ISP.
AccuCORE
“AccuCORE” is a generic term of Sony disc media technology and a symbol that expresses its high technical skills and reliability. The origin of “AccuCORE” (word-formation) is derived from the terms, “Accurate Compatibility & Reliability”. Our goal is to establish a high recognition and improved reliability for Sony disc media through the global promotion and deployment activities of “AccuCORE
Active Black Panel
Unique head unit design, which involves a double-faced panel. The front panel (boasting a giant display) opens to reveal comprehensive controls.
AD
Audio Description (AD) is a narrative soundtrack that enhances blind and visually impaired people's experience of TV. It describes what’s happening on screen for viewers and works in the same way subtitles do those who are deaf or hard of hearing. Until now, AD has only been accessible through a separate set-top box or satellite receiver. To make TV accessible for everyone, our BRAVIA range is the first to have AD built in to easily access the narrative soundtrack broadcasted by selected TV channels.
Adjustable Line-Out
Allows for fine adjustment of the output signal. Often used to match signal levels with other equipment.
Advanced 100 Hz Digital Motion
Many common TV signal standards are based on a 50 Hz (or 50 times per second) picture update rate. At this update rate, pictures can display flicker. Advanced 100 Hz Digital Plus uses advanced Digital Signal Processing and Motion Detection to provide a sharper and smoother image, even for pictures containing fast-moving detail.
Advanced 100 Hz Digital Plus
Many common TV signal standards are based on a 50 Hz (or 50 times per second) picture update rate. At this update rate, pictures can display flicker. Advanced 100 Hz Digital Plus uses integrated Digital Signal Processing to provide a sharper, smoother image.
Advanced Accessory Shoe
The Advanced Accessory Shoe provides a number of enhancements to the flash operation, allowing wireless connection, a pre-flash capability and automatic exposure adjustment.
Advanced Accy Shoe
The Advanced Accessory Shoe provides a number of enhancements to the flash operation, allowing wireless connection, a pre-flash capability and automatic exposure adjustment.
Advanced Contrast Enhancer
Advanced Contrast Enhancer optimises the contrast of each scene by adjusting the backlighting level to deliver subtle levels of gradation. Deeper blacks are reproduced, even in the darkest scenes, without losing any brightness to create a stunning sense of depth. <table> <tbody> <tr> <td>&#160; <p align="center"><img alt="" src="http://www.sony.ie/productcategory/pictures/odw_en_IE/thumbnail/glossary_advanced_contrast_enhancer.jpg"></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p align="center">&#160;<span class="capte">Advanced contrast enhancer</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
Advanced HAD CCD
Technology in Cyber-shot cameras which enhances the light-collecting performance of CCD. It works by placing a microscopic lens on top of each pixel so that as much light as possible to be focused onto it. In this way, colour noise is reduced and picture quality improved. This feature can also be found in the Handycam® range as Advanced HAD CCD.
Advanced HAD Technology
This technology decreases image 'noise' which can sometimes appear in low light conditions.
Advanced IQ Picture
Automatic picture adjustment depending on input signal. For optimal viewing conditions.
Advanced Iris
Advanced Iris is a special function designed to improve contrast, especially in darker scenes. Use either one of two modes, Auto and Manual. The Auto Mode has two settings designed to work best with video content such as movies that vary between bright scenes and dark scenes. Auto 1 is for programmes that have a wide range of brightness from scene to scene. Auto 2 is for programmes that have less variation between brightness levels from scene to scene.
Advanced JPEG viewer
This advanced feature enables digital photographs captured in JPEG format to be easily displayed on screen. It also enables you to copy JPEG images from your Cyber-shot digital still camera to the internal hard drive of your Hard Disk Drive / DVD recorder.
Advanced Titler
The Advanced Titler provides 8 presets and 2 custom titles in various languages. Colour, position on the screen and size of the title are adjustable allowing greater creativity.
AE Bracketing
With Auto Exposure Bracketing, the camera takes a picture at three different exposure settings, allowing selection of the preferred image after the picture is taken.
AE Shift
Allows a manual variation of Automatic Exposure (brighter - darker). Depending on the camcorder model, +/- 3 steps are available.
AF Illuminator
(Auto Focus) The Auto Focus Illuminator is a low-power red-light source used to give sufficient illumination for the camera to carry out automatic focusing under poor light conditions.
AFM
Audio Frequency Modulation (AFM) is a system used for recording sound waves in hi-fi quality (>16 kHz); standard for Video8/Hi8 format.
AGC
(Automatic Gain Control) Automatic Gain Control is an electronic function that sets up an optimum recording level without the need for manual adjustment.
AMS
(Automatic Music Sensor) A single touch control that automatically positions the tape to the beginning of the current track, or to the start of the next.
Analogue
Standard output from a PC using an HD15 connector
Anamorphic zoom mode
Anamorphic zoom mode delivers cinematic aspect ratio on our range of HD Ready projectors. Display films on-screen as you would watch them in the cinema with sophisticated signal processing. The optional anamorphic zoom lens widens the picture horizontally.
ANSI Lumen
An ANSI Lumen is a standard unit of brightness as defined by the American National Standards Institute.
Anti-Blur
High sensitivity combats the problems of blurring due to subject movement. Increasing the ISO setting on a camera means a faster shutter speed that can capture subjects that are moving. The other main cause of image blur is the movement of the camera. Optical Image Stabilisers are made up of gyro sensors that detect camera shake and move the lens to adjust the light angle, thereby compensating for any movement of the camera. Products that feature the term Double Anti Blur incorporate both of these technologies.
Anti-static
Thanks to a hard-performance hard-coat adopted by Sony on its Blu-ray Disc™ media, there is extremely low electrostatic charge, making it difficult for static electricity to be generated and for dust to be attracted.
Aperture/Shutter Priority
Aperture Priority is an operating mode allowing the user to select the desired aperture setting. The camera adjusts the shutter speed accordingly. This allows the user to have full control of the picture depth of field.
AppliCast™
AppliCast™ lets you access an exciting range of internet based applications on your BRAVIA TV at the same time as watching programmes without having to switch on your PC. There are 3 built-in widgets which are available as soon as you switch on your TV (Analogue Clock, Calendar and ‘How To Use AppliCast™ guide), and 5 additional widgets (Calculator, Alarm, World Clock and Picture Frame Online) which you can also access if you connect your TV to the Internet.
APS-C
Advanced Photo System type-C (APS-C) is a type of sensor used in digital Single Lens Reflex cameras, also called DSLRs. This sensor has smaller sensor dimensions than that of the conventional sensor SLRs.
ARC-F
The All Range Crisp Focus (ARC-F) lens ensures picture uniformity across the entire screen. Designed to make full use of Digital Projector SXRD™ panels at 1920 x1080 HD resolution, ARC-F produces sharper, crisper images and picture uniformity.
Archival reliability
Sony has utilized its highly reliable recording material design and developed thorough manufacturing controls in chamber tests, to create optical media that are extremely resistant to image corruption and deterioration due to long archive.
Aspect ratio
The ratio of width to height for an image or screen. More and more especially digital TVs use the wider 16:9 ratio (1.78:1) to better display widescreen material like DVDs and HDTV broadcasts.
ATRAC
(Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding) ATRAC (Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding) is a data-compression process developed by Sony for MiniDisc use. Only the sound components detectable by the human ear are recorded, enabling a 64 mm diameter disc to store 80 minutes of high-quality stereo audio.
Atrac 3 plus
This is a Sony unique audio compression technology which offers more storage and better sound quality than MP3.
ATRAC CD (Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding)
Using the Sony ATRAC compression system, you can create an ATRAC CD that holds the equivalent of 30 music CDs. Stored on one CD-R/-RW, your music can then be played back on a compatible CD player.
ATRAC DSP-Type R
ATRAC (Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding) is a data-compression process, developed by Sony for MiniDisc use. Only the sound components detectable by the human ear are recorded, enabling audio data to be stored more efficiently. ATRAC DSP-Type R is an advancement of Sony ATRAC 4.5. It re-analyses the musical data and searches for subtle, redundant data-bit allocations -- essentially refining the allocation of bits and improving the reproduction of the source signal.
ATRAC3
ATRAC (Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding) is a data-compression process developed by Sony for MiniDisc use. Only the sound components detectable by the human ear are recorded, enabling audio data to be stored more efficiently. ATRAC3 can achieve roughly twice the data reduction of the ATRAC format, making it suitable for high-efficiency audio storage or Internet use.
ATRAC3plus
ATRAC (Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding) is a data-compression process, developed by Sony for MiniDisc use. Only the sound components detectable by the human ear are recorded, enabling audio data to be stored more efficiently. ATRAC3plus analyses longer periods of audio signals to obtain more precise information and also uses an algorithm that achieves optimal data allocation for a wide range of audio signals. As a result, high-quality sound is achieved at high compression levels of 1/20 the original sound source.
ATT Control
With the ATT (Attenuator) switch, you can reduce reception sensitivity. The radio will skip weaker signals and stop only at the stronger ones. ATT control is only activated when the switch is turned on.
A-type bayonet mount
A standard type of lens mount
Audio Description
Audio Description is a narrative soundtrack that enhances blind and visually impaired people's experience of TV. It describes what’s happening on screen for viewers and works in the same way subtitles do those who are deaf or hard of hearing. Until now, AD has only been accessible through a separate set-top box or satellite receiver. To make TV accessible for everyone, our BRAVIA range is the first to have AD built in to easily access the narrative soundtrack broadcasted by selected TV channels.
Audio Dub/Audio Insert
Video recorders equipped with audio dubbing have either an audio dub or audio insert function. These functions allow re-recording of the audio soundtrack.
Audio Mix
You can balance between two recorded stereo channels (12 bit mode) for optimal sound effect.
Audio/Video Out
A camera output that allows the convenience of showing digital still images or MPEG movies with sound on a standard TV. PAL and NTSC selection allows this facility to be used anywhere in the world.
Audio: Quiet Power On
Quiet Power On is when the TV initially turns on with low volume and gradually increases to your last listening level.
Audiophile devices
For optimum sound quality of DVD Video soundtracks and audio CD playback, audiophile resistors and capacitors are used in Sony high-end DVD players. An oversized R-Core transformer is employed with low magnetic flux leakage and rich lower-frequency audio reproduction. The audio circuit is isolated from the video circuitry.
Auto 16:9
Automatically switches the TV to 16:9 full-screen mode upon receipt of an encoded signal supplied by a broadcasting station.
Auto Bright Monitoring
To help framing in low or no-light situations, CCD gain is briefly increased to provide an extra bright display on the LCD viewfinder just before exposure.
Auto Calendar
A clock radio with dates from 1/1/1998 until 31/12/2100 stored in it. This means that once set, the date will be correct every month (including those with less than 31 days and those affected by leap years) without it being adjusted manually.
Auto Convergence
Pressing a button on the front panel of a CRT rear-projection TV automatically adjusts the convergence of the red, green and blue CRTs to ensure true picture purity.
Auto Cue
Starts a given selection from its exact beginning without listening to the blank lead-in portion.
Auto Daylight Synchronised Flash
Automatically measures the exposure level for foreground objects that have light behind them in daylight conditions.
Auto Exposure Bracketing
With Auto Exposure (AE) bracketing, the camera takes the same picture three times with three different exposure settings: one at the set exposure, one at a step lighter and one at a step darker (selectable by the user). This is particularly valuable when taking photographs under difficult lighting conditions or if there is only one chance to get it right, as the user can choose the best resulting shot.
Auto Focus Illuminator
Correct focus and shot composure in low or no light conditions is extremely difficult to achieve. When shooting in all light conditions from bright daylight to complete darkness, the AF illuminator automatically illuminates the subject to let the camera focus accurately. This ensures a sharply focused, well-defined image regardless of the light conditions.
Auto Head Cleaner
Automatically cleans video heads at every insertion of a tape.
Auto Label
Auto Label utilises the additional information from teletext messages broadcast by individual stations. The identification label is used to automatically identify the pre-set stations.
Auto Long Play
If the timer recording is set in standard play mode and there is not enough tape left, tape speed is automatically changed to long-play mode to record the entire programme.
Auto Power-on by Lens Cover
The camera is powered on by simply sliding the lens cover open.
Auto Reverse
Cassette playback in both directions without having to turn the cassette around.
Auto Scene Capturing
A smart feature on your Sony DVD recorder that automatically marks a chapter according to when there is a significant change of scene or audio level. Chapters are displayed on an easy-to-use graphical user interface (GUI), which allows you to quickly find your favourite scenes.
Auto Setup
Select your country and the rest is done by auto setup leaving the VCR completely tuned and programmed.
Auto Space Function
This function permits automatic insertion of a space of three seconds between tracks. With this facility a cassette deck equipped with AMS can more easily find the start of a recorded track.
Auto Standby
If you miss the end of a programme, Auto Standby automatically switches the TV to standby 60 minutes later.
Auto Start Up Tuning
When a TV is switched on for the first time, the viewer will be asked by screen message if he/she wishes to have the TV tuned in with all receivable channels. If yes, it will automatically tune all channels. If no, the viewer can either use one-button tuning or manual tuning.
Auto Surround
Auto Surround automatically activates the Dolby® Pro Logic® decoder if a programme is being transmitted with the relevant Dolby® Pro Logic® signal.
Auto Tracking
Video tapes only give the best results when the video heads have optimal contact with the recorded video track information. An advanced electro-mechanical system ensures that this is done without the need for manual adjustment.
Auto Wide
Automatically switches Widescreen TV to the appropriate zoom mode for either 4:3 or letterbox broadcast.
Auto/Intelligent Tuner Preset
ATP (Automatic Tuner Preset) is a function that automatically stores all available channels. ITP (Intelligent Tuner Preset) sorts the stored channels into a logical order with channel name and ShowView® number, and additionally sets and corrects the time automatically.
Automatic Channel Installation (ACI)
If this feature is provided in your cable network, your TV can be tuned automatically, including all channel indications and labels.
Automatic Muting in IR/RF headphones
Both infrared (IR) and RF headphones can suffer from an objectionable hiss when operated outside the range of the wireless link or if an obstruction occurs between the transmitter and the headphones. Automatic Muting blanks out this noise until the received signal level is restored to an acceptable level.